HLFT-42 Wikipedia of Fighter Jet – Aero India 2023
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Detail of HLFT-42
HLFT-42 is a fighter jet developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), which is a state-owned aerospace and defence company in India. The HLFT-42 is a twin-engine, multi-role fighter jet that is designed for both air-to-air and air-to-ground combat operations. It features advanced avionics, and state-of-the-art weapon systems, and can perform a range of missions, including air superiority, ground attack, and reconnaissance. The HLFT-42 was first unveiled at the Aero India air show in 2017 and has since undergone several rounds of testing and development. It is expected to enter service with the Indian Air Force (IAF) in the coming years and will replace the ageing fleet of Soviet-era MiG-21 fighter jets.
On day 1 of Aero India in Bengaluru, the stall displayed the scale model of Hindustan lead-in fighter trainer (HLFT)-42, a project which is conceived by the defence PSU Hindustan Aeronautics Limited(HAL), which was one of the crowd pullers. It is totally claimed by the HAL as the next-gen supersonic trainer that will play a critical and important role in modern combat aircraft training equipped with state-of-the-art avionics like active electronically scanned array (AESA), Electronic Warfare (EW) Suite, Infrares Search and Track (IRST) with fly by wire control (FBW) system. The FBW is a system which replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface. Whereas the IRST is a method to track objects that provide infrared radiation.
Pilot Group Captain Words:
I incorporate an ultra-modern training suite to train all fighter pilots in a safe and efficient flying environment. HAL test pilot group captain HV Thakur said:
“This project was conceived in 2017. This is completely designed by HAL. We have wind tunnel testing to be done and fabrication of the actual aircraft which will take another two years to complete. We are looking forward to roping in private players. It will be internally funded by the HAL.”
“The need of this project is to train fighter pilots for fifth-generation aircraft in the field. When single-seater aircraft like LCA Mk II and AMCA (Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft) will get inducted, the training of the pilots should happen with an aircraft that meets those requirements. This will be the leading trainer aircraft of the 2030s for future aircraft. Presently, the training of pilots happens on three platforms – the basic trainer, the intermediate trainer, and the advanced trainer. The basic trainer is even for helicopter pilots. Advanced trainers train fighter pilots. However, the training happens on AJT or the Hawk-i aircraft which does not have sensors or radar, etc. So we need HLFT-42,” he added.
The AMCA program is being developed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and HAL is a design partner. It is an indigenous fifth-generation fighter and the specifications are in line with the fifth-generation aircraft technology with features like stealth, internal weapons, supercruise, serpentine air intake, etc.