Rafael Bello Andino Wikipedia, Wki, Biografia, edad
Rafael Bello Andino Wikipedia, Wki, Biografia, edad – Former President Joaqun Balaguer’s longtime private secretary Rafael Bello Andino passed away on Wednesday at the age of 95.
Rafael Bello Andino Bio
He also held the positions of Secretary of the Presidency and of Industry and Commerce. He was one of Balaguer’s most dependable and close friends, and they remained friends throughout his political career. He was known for being covert and maintaining a low profile.
The general secretary of the Social Christian Reform Party, Ramón Rogelio Genao, reported that he passed away at the Corazones Unidos Clinic, where he had been detained for many days. The Joaquin Balaguer Foundation, of which he later became a member, was founded and presided over by Bello Andino.
Rafael Bello Andino News
The small poet, president, and patriarch Joaquin Balaguer passed away on Sunday. He ruled the Dominican Republic through over 50 years of unrest, American occupation, and extreme poverty. He was 95.
Balaguer, a father figure and final kingmaker for his 8 million-person Caribbean country, passed away from heart failure in a Santo Domingo hospital after spending days on a respirator. Rafael Bello Andino, Balaguer’s closest aide, told reporters that “the doctors tried to save him until 4:30 [a.m.], when he died fighting.”
The seven-term president, who had not been seen in public since a year prior, deserved a fitting epitaph. Early in 1996, his final term as president came to an end due to election fraud. However, the ailing and blind Balaguer persisted in playing advisor, mediator, and benefactor in the affairs of the Dominican Republic.
Balaguer competed in the most recent presidential election two years ago despite having a variety of ailments, his grandfatherly countenance and ever-present black fedora plastering the streets on posters with the phrases “President through two centuries” and “No one needs while Balaguer breathes.”
In that election, he finished third with his Social Christian Reform Party, his only other defeat in a lengthy political career.
Balaguer was one of Latin America’s last truly great “caudillos,” or strongmen leaders who combined paternal beneficence with authoritarian omnipresence to establish a steadfast power base, largely among the underprivileged.
In the town of Navarette in the northern Dominican Republic, Balaguer was born on September 1st, 1906. His father was a Puerto Rican immigrant who worked as a merchant.
At the age of 14, Balaguer published his first book, a collection of poems titled “Pagan Psalms.” He obtained his law degree at the Sorbonne in Paris after finishing law school in Santo Domingo.
Beginning in the 1930s, Balaguer worked for the country’s ruthless dictator Rafael Leonides Trujillo in a number of Cabinet and diplomatic positions for three decades. Trujillo appointed Balaguer as vice president and then president in the final years until Trujillo’s assassination in 1961.
After Trujillo’s passing, Balaguer escaped to exile in New York City, sparking a brutal, protracted conflict between leftists motivated by Fidel Castro’s Cuba and loyal Dominican generals. He didn’t come home until President Johnson dispatched 20,000 U.S. Marines to the island nation in April 1965 to quell a Marxist uprising inside the army.
Balaguer was elected president the next year in U.S.-supervised elections, at a period when 60% of the country was unemployed, two-thirds of the populace was illiterate, and its streets and cities were in ruins.
In his latest fact-based but fictional biography of Trujillo, “The Feast of the Goat,” author Mario Vargas Llosa calls Balaguer a guy who “transformed himself from a puppet president into a nonentity into an authentic figure.”
Balaguer accomplished this through extensive public works initiatives and repeated visits to the rural areas of abject poverty. He distributed bicycles to boys, dolls to females, and jobs to entire towns and villages. By receiving nightly briefings on the precise balance in the government’s accounts, he oversaw the economy on a micro level. He was a loyal ally of the United States to the very end.
The nation’s political left was being mercilessly crushed by the army and police at the same time. The oppressors were described by Balaguer as “uncontrollable elements.” Balaguer’s first term in office was referred to by leftist leaders as “Trujilloismo without Trujillo” and “a democracy of the gallows.”
But during the following three decades, Balaguer’s supporters five more times brought him back to power. With his advancing age and failing health, his politics and policies have become more moderate over the years.
An aide had to lead Balaguer’s hand to the voting booth during the May 16, 1986 elections that made the already ailing Balaguer Latin America’s oldest sitting president at the time.
Balaguer’s final triumph came in 1994, when he began a final term that was subsequently cut in half to two years to please opposition leaders who had claimed electoral fraud. At the time, Balaguer was already impaired by glaucoma and disabled by phlebitis.